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OrientLab

Inclusive Archaeology

 

OrientLab.net is a research website about the archaeology of the ancient Near East and about new methodologies for the study of ancient societies and their environments. The website is run by the Chair of Near Eastern Archaeology of the Department of History and Cultures, Bologna University and is open to the cooperation with all scholars and students. The Editor is Nicolò Marchetti, the Webmaster is Silvano Bertossa, the Web Designer is Valentina Orrù.

Inclusive Archaeology describes an approach based on an integration of views, techniques and methods. Multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and hybridization become part of an anthropological perspective in which archaeology is seen as fully integrated within the broader frame of social sciences. Science accepts that different disciplines do not contribute to historical and behavioral explanations simply by an accumulation of knowledge, but also contaminating each other through shared objectives and views. At the same time, science acknowledges multiculturality, meaning specific values and approaches elaborated outside the Western world. There is no truth in science, but only doubts and (new) questions. Social sciences may be deemed scientific when they allow the possibility of verifying each intellectual process at each step. Inclusive Archaeology is based on openness, towards local and regional communities (science does not live in isolation but has an impact on and needs feedback from those communities), towards the scientific community (dissemination of newly produced data is the core mission of scientists), towards the global community (digital technologies must be used to build new forms of integrated datasets which may be used freely through the web). [NM]